A Caesarean section is a surgical procedure in which one or more incisions are made through a mother's abdomen (laparotomy) and uterus (hysterectomy) to deliver one or more babies. A Caesarean section is often performed when a vaginal delivery would put the baby's or mother's life or health at risk. Caesarean section is recommended when vaginal delivery might pose a risk to the mother or baby. Some medical indications for a Caesarean section are complications of labour and factors impeding vaginal delivery, such as abnormal presentation (breech or transverse positions), prolonged labour or a failure to progress (dystocia), foetal distress, cord prolapse, uterine rupture or an elevated risk such as increased blood pressure (hypertension) in the mother or baby after amniotic rupture etc.
Like all types of abdominal surgeries, a Caesarean section is associated with risks of postoperative adhesions, incisional hernias (which may require surgical correction) and wound infections.
Is my bleeding normal? How do I know if I am bleeding too much?
Even though you did not delivery vaginally, you will still experience some significant vaginal bleeding as part of your recovery. This is called lochia. Most women will bleed heavily for at least the first two weeks of their recovery - but if you experience so much bleeding then you should contact your doctor immediately.
How long will it take to recover?
Recovery period differs in each individual. It is recommended to nurse the baby well and mother should take enough rest and nutrition.
How soon can I go swimming?
If your vaginal bleeding has stopped and your scar is totally closed, you can swim. Swimming is one of the best forms of exercise for those recovering from C-sections because it puts so little stress on your body.
Myomectomy, sometimes also fibroidectomy, refers to the surgical removal of uterine leiomyomas, also known as fibroids.
Colposcopy is a medical diagnostic procedure to examine an illuminated, magnified view of the cervix and the tissues of the vagina and vulva. Many premalignant lesions and malignant lesions in these areas have discernible characteristics which can be detected through the examination.
Childbirth is an intense event with very strong emotions. The process of normal childbirth is categorized in three stages of labour: the shortening and dilation of the cervix, descent and birth of the infant, and the placenta being expelled. The most prominent sign of labour are the strong contractile waves that move the infant down the birth canal.
Menopause is the stage in a woman's life when menstruation stops and a woman can no longer bear children. This phase leads to gradual depletion in the production of female hormones estrogen and progesterone.
Infertility is the inability of a person to conceive children. Female infertility includes inability of the woman to conceive as well as inability to carry a pregnancy to full term until the child birth. About 40% of the issues involved with infertility are due to the man, another 40% due to the woman, and 20% result from complications with both partners.
Cervical cancer is a cancer arising from the cervix. It is the abnormal growth of cells that invade or spread to other parts of the body. Worldwide, cervical cancer is both the fourth most common cause of cancer and deaths from cancer in women.
Breast cancer is when cancer develops from breast tissue. Signs of breast cancer may include a lump in the breast, a change in breast shape, dimpling of the skin, fluid coming from the nipple, or a red scaly patch of skin. In those with distant spread of the disease, there may be bone pain, swollen lymph nodes, shortness of breath, or yellow skin.
Hysterectomy is the surgical removal of the uterus or womb. Depending upon the type of procedure that is performed and the reason for the surgery, hysterectomy may also include removal of the adjacent Fallopian tubes and ovaries. Hysterectomy is the most common major surgical procedure (unrelated to pregnancy) performed on women.