Urology also known as genitourinary surgery is the branch of medicine that focuses on the surgical and medical diseases of the male and female urinary tract system and the male reproductive organs. The organs under the domain of urology include the kidneys, adrenal glands, ureters, urinary bladder, urethra, and the male reproductive organs. 
Endourology is a minimally invasive technique available to treat kidney stones. Stones may be extracted or fragmented using tiny instruments through natural body channels such as the urethra, bladder and ureter. Thin, flexible instruments including lasers, graspers, miniature stone retrieval are used to perform surgery without creating any incisions at all. The majority of endoscopic procedures can be done on an outpatient basis.
Endourological procedures include: 

  • Urethroscopy: used to treat strictures or blockages of the urethra.
  • Cystoscopy: used to treat bladder stones and tumours. 
  • Ureteroscopy: used to treat stones and tumours of the ureter.
  • Nephroscopy: used to treat stones and tumours of the kidney lining

Advantage: Endourology is a safe and effective procedure. Recovery periods are minimal. 


Do I have to stay at the hospital for days? 

No; the hospital stay is reduced. The number of days are variable depending on the type of endourological procedure is recommended and performed on you. 

Are there any risks with these procedures? 

Splash injuries and bleeding are the known risks with this procedure. 

Are there any diet restrictions prior to undergoing the procedure?
Water and fluid intake needs to be restricted 6 hours prior to the procedure. The doctor and his team shall give you some medication before the procedure. 

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